AESTHETICS FOR BIRDS

Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art for Everyone

AFB’S TERMS OF ART #49: HERMENEUTICS

1 Comment

Now that increasing numbers of people are stuck at home and sheltering in place, I figured I’d do a little series. Every weekday for the duration of this intense period, I’ll post a short definition of some term in/related to aesthetics and philosophy of art. Let’s see how this goes! See them all here.

Terms of Art #49:
hermeneutics

hermeneutics

The Washington Monument: do we “read” it… as a symbol of national pride? as a co-opting of Egyptian culture? as a giant phallus? [source]

Pronunciation: HER-muh-NOO/NEW-tiks

Definition: Hermeneutics is most broadly the theory and study of interpretation.

It started as a label for different approaches to interpretations of religious texts, and then expanded to include all texts, and now can include just about anything: images, symbols, sounds, gestures, even human experience. (Note that hermeneutics can expand in the very same way that semiotics can.)

So if your English teacher – like mine – told you to interpret novels as though everything was intended by the author (all the symbols, character nuances, and allusions), they were offering a specific hermeneutical approach.

Philosophers who talk about the “principle of charity” are doing the same thing. They’re offering a principle for how to read philosophy, namely by interpreting it according to the best or strongest version of the possible views compatible with the text.

But also you might talk about the hermeneutics of gestures (e.g., how to interpret crossed arms or the middle finger), symbols (e.g., how to design good road signs), or music (e.g., how to interpret minor chords). You can even talk about hermeneutics when it comes to human experience itself by looking at how we as humans interpret and understand our experiences and feelings.

hermeneutics2

nothing to see here, just hermeneutics

Related terms:
hermeneutics of suspicion – coined by French thinker Paul Ricoeur; hermeneutical approaches that look beyond a text’s obvious meaning to other things it might communicate, often unintentionally. Specifically, it’s the interpretive methods of Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche. To get the idea, just think about when you have a crush on someone and your friend is like THEY’RE JUST LIKE YOUR MOM/DAD and you’re like ew no! (Why “suspicion”? Because they’re suspicious of the superficial meaning of the text.)

Not to be confused with:
hermetic – airtight, well-insulated (as in, hermetically sealed); or relating to the occult and esoteric religious traditions

Author: Alex King

AFB Editor-in-Chief. Assistant Professor of Philosophy at SUNY Buffalo, working in ethics, metaethics, and aesthetics.

One thought on “AFB’S TERMS OF ART #49: HERMENEUTICS

  1. Pingback: AFB’S TOP 50 TERMS OF ART | AESTHETICS FOR BIRDS

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s